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United Nations

NORMAN WEIß

Subject Imperial, Colonial, and Postcolonial History » Postcolonial History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444334982.2016.x


Extract

The organization should be understood as an outline of the postwar international order designed by the allied powers of the anti-Hitler coalition calling themselves the United Nations. By the end of the war, 47 states had signed the “Declaration by United Nations” of January 1, 1942 which had been agreed upon by US President Roosevelt and British Prime-Minister Churchill in Washington, DC, some days before. The League of Nations was to be replaced by a new organization called the “United Nations.” Details of its structure were not yet clear at that moment, as Roosevelt and Churchill did not agree on the future role of the USSR, China and the European states. By 1943, at conferences in Moscow and Teheran, Churchill accepted the concept that Roosevelt and Stalin favored: the responsibility of the four great powers (USA, USSR, China, and the UK) for international peace. Finally, the deliberations at Dumbarton Oaks (August 21-October 9, 1944) led to an elaborated draft, which was only slightly modified at the founding conference in San Francisco (April 24-June 26, 1945) and became the final version of the Charter of the United Nations, unanimously adopted on June 24, 1945 by 51 founding members of the UN. This new world order was meant to be based on the principles of sovereign equality of states and of self-determination of peoples. It should ensure peace by a system of collective ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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