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Andrade, Mário Raul de Morais


Subject Imperial, Colonial, and Postcolonial History » Postcolonial History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444334982.2016.x


Mário Raul de Morais Andrade (1893–1945) was one of Brazil's leading writers. He was born in São Paulo on October 9, 1893 to a family of modest means. A musical prodigy, he graduated in 1917 from the Conservatório Dramático e Musical de São Paulo (São Paulo Conservatory of Drama and Music), where he subsequently served as a lecturer. Andrade is best known for his role in launching the Brazilian modernist movement in 1922 and for his 1928 masterpiece, Macunaíma: O herói sem nenhum caráter ( Macunaíma: The Hero Without Any Character ). His achievements, however, extend much further. As a theorist, poet, novelist, folklorist, musician, musicologist, art and literary critic, newspaper chronicler, and photographer, he has had a profound and lasting effect on Brazilian culture. Andrade played a central role in organizing the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Modern Art), which took place in São Paulo from February 11 to 18, 1922. This event brought together avant-garde writers and artists, who rejected the academic establishment's promotion of realist representational forms familiar from nineteenth-century European art. Brazilian modernists wanted to shock their audiences into a new way of seeing the world and their country's relationship to it. Unlike the other modernists, Andrade was not a member of the elite and had not studied abroad. Together, nonetheless, they found in the European ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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