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Apartheid

BRIAN MACASKILL

Subject Imperial, Colonial, and Postcolonial History » Postcolonial History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444334982.2016.x


Extract

The word “apartheid” is an Afrikaans-language term that means separateness; Bosman et al.'s Bilingual Dictionary (1984) adds to this definition “distinctness” and “racial separation.” In the context of South African culture, the term designates the institutionalized racial distinction, discrimination, segregation, and associated social engineering overtly consolidated, enforced, and extended by the National Party between 1948 and the unraveling of apartheid that culminated with universal suffrage elections in 1994. Given that sociopolitical circumstances shape cultural production, apartheid has asserted a profound effect on the arts – and the sporting culture – of South Africa, both within the country's borders and across the world, as the term and the practices it signified became better known and more widely opposed. Not only did the term help define, for example, the broadly pro-apartheid doctrines of the Dutch Reformed Church and institutions like the Broederbond or League of Brothers for the socioeconomic promotion of Afrikaners, as well as the radical thought of intellectuals like Geoffrey Cronjé and Hendrik Verwoerd, it also dialectically helped shape “anti-apartheid art” and sporting, trade, and cultural boycotts operating alongside politico-military resistance against apartheid. The term has been received untranslated into several world languages, continues to participate ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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