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Arab Spring 2011

ANTHONY C. ALESSANDRINI

Subject Imperial, Colonial, and Postcolonial History » Postcolonial History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444334982.2016.x


Extract

“Arab Spring” is a phrase coined to describe a series of popular uprisings in a number of countries throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) beginning in December 2010. Since the beginning of 2011, these uprisings have led to the removal of dictatorial leaders in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen; in other countries, such as Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, and Morocco, popular protests have led to concessions from regimes; in still other cases, most notably Bahrain and Syria, peaceful popular protests were met with overwhelming violence, and in Syria, the horrific aftermath of the initial revolt against President Bashar al-Assad continues today. Other MENA countries that were the site of popular protests in 2011 include Kuwait, Sudan, Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, and Western Sahara. Popular uprisings in Palestine, where protesters have coupled their opposition to the Israeli occupation with movements against what many have seen as the authoritarian leadership of the Palestinian Authority, have also been considered as part of the Arab Spring. Subsequent popular uprisings in the region have arguably been influenced by these Arab Spring events, including the Gezi uprising in Turkey in the summer of 2013 and the popular movements that helped reformist candidate Hassan Rouhani win the presidential election in Iran in June 2013. It should be noted at the outset that “Arab ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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