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Subject Imperial, Colonial, and Postcolonial History » Postcolonial History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444334982.2016.x


What is the ayllu ? To answer this question, it is essential to review at least three historical moments. First we will consider, within the framework of indigenism, the theses defended by José Carlos Mariátegui and Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre during the 1920s and early 1930s, along with influential essays like Tempestad en los Andes (1927; Storm in the Andes ) by Luis Valcárcel and El nuevo indio (1930; The New Indian ) by Uriel García. Second, we will look at the reevaluation of these theses in the fields of anthropology, sociology, and history beginning in the second half of the twentieth century. And last but not least, we will consider the place of the ayllu in the twenty-first century in the light of globalization and the reemergence of indigenous identities in the Andean countries. The theses of Mariátegui and Haya de la Torre regarding the Andean community are similar; both ideologues agree in their assessment of the indigenous community as an inheritor of a socialism or primitive Incan communism, and in confronting the Andean community against semi-feudal landlordism. For Mariátegui (1928/1971) , the Indian community is an organic society that has not broken with its past and, despite the lethargy in which it finds itself, can advance along the path of modern civilization. The founder of the journal Amauta bases his conclusions on studies of Hildebrando Castro ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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